Citing Sources: Citation Basics
Why citing is important
What to cite
Citing a source means that you show, within the body of your text, that you took words, ideas, figures, images, etc. from another place.
Citations are a short way to uniquely identify a published work (e.g. book, article, chapter, web site). They are found in bibliographies and reference lists and are also collected in article and book databases.
Citations consist of standard elements, and contain all the information necessary to identify and track down publications, including:
- author name(s)
- titles and/or containers (MLA)
- date of publication
- page numbers
- volume and issue numbers (for articles)
- DOI (APA and now encouraged by MLA)
Citations may look different, depending on what is being cited and which style was used to create them.
The UHMC library supports both APA and MLA citation styles. Please contact us for more citation help.