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ECED: Evaluation, Citations & Writing

This guide helps Early Childhood Education students start the research process

Cite Your Sources

Citations can feel a bit tedious sometimes but it is important to cite the sources you use in your research. Not to worry, there are resources to help you...

APA: American Psychological Association [6th edition]

You can also view the Citing Sources guide to review citation basics and style guides.

Why Are Citations Important?

Citations are a short way to uniquely identify a published work (e.g. book, article, chapter, web site). Citations are usually found in bibliographies and reference lists. 

It's important to cite your sources so that you:

  • Give credit to authors of the original source
  • Allow your reader to track down the sources you used
  • Show you've done proper research by listing sources you used to support your paper


What to Cite:

  • Facts, figures, statistics, or other information that is not common knowledge
  • Ideas, opinions, or theories other than your own
  • Quotes – another person’s spoken or written words
  • Paraphrases of another person’s spoken or written words 

When in doubt, cite your source!

Writing Help

Evaluating Your Sources

Are your sources crappy or not? Evaluate your sources using this CRAAP test.

-- When was the information created?
-- Does your topic require updated information? 
-- Does the information relate to your paper/project?
-- Is it written at an appropriate level? (not too advanced or elementary)
-- Is the author qualified to write on this subject?
-- Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?
-- Where does the information come from?
-- Is the information supported by legitimate sources?
-- Why was the site created (advertising, share knowledge, entertainment)?
-- Do the authors make their intentions clear?