ECED: Evaluation, Citations & Writing
Cite Your Sources
Citations can feel a bit tedious sometimes but it is important to cite the sources you use in your research. Not to worry, there are resources to help you...
APA: American Psychological Association [6th edition]
- OWL Purdue APA Formatting and Style Guide - online with several examples of in-text citations and reference list entries
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association - check out a copy from the General Collection (library 3rd floor), call number: BF76.7.P83 2010
- Citation Machine - an automated citation generator for creating your citations in APA.
- Basics of APA Style Tutorial - from the APA (includes audio)
- APA Citations: Tutorial
- APA Citations: Video
You can also view the Citing Sources guide to review citation basics and style guides.
Why Are Citations Important?
Citations are a short way to uniquely identify a published work (e.g. book, article, chapter, web site). Citations are usually found in bibliographies and reference lists.
It's important to cite your sources so that you:
- Give credit to authors of the original source
- Allow your reader to track down the sources you used
- Show you've done proper research by listing sources you used to support your paper
What to Cite:
- Facts, figures, statistics, or other information that is not common knowledge
- Ideas, opinions, or theories other than your own
- Quotes – another person’s spoken or written words
- Paraphrases of another person’s spoken or written words
When in doubt, cite your source!
Evaluating Your Sources
Are your sources crappy or not? Evaluate your sources using this CRAAP test.
- -- When was the information created?
- -- Does your topic require updated information?
- -- Does the information relate to your paper/project?
- -- Is it written at an appropriate level? (not too advanced or elementary)
- -- Is the author qualified to write on this subject?
- -- Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?
- -- Where does the information come from?
- -- Is the information supported by legitimate sources?
- -- Why was the site created (advertising, share knowledge, entertainment)?
- -- Do the authors make their intentions clear?